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  New insights into South American camelid management strategies at El Alto-Ancasti mountain range (Catamarca, Argentina) during the first millennium of the Common Era

Moreno, E., Samec, C., & Ahumada, M. (2022). New insights into South American camelid management strategies at El Alto-Ancasti mountain range (Catamarca, Argentina) during the first millennium of the Common Era. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 14(8): 144. doi:10.1007/s12520-022-01609-z.

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 Creators:
Moreno, Enrique, Author
Samec, Celeste1, Author           
Ahumada, Maximiliano, Author
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1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Agropastoral communities, Zooarchaeology, Stable isotope analysis, Seasonally dry forest, Highland grassland, Northwestern Argentina
 Abstract: South American camelids were one of the most important animal resources exploited by the human groups that occupied the El Alto-Ancasti mountain range in Catamarca, Northwestern Argentina, during the first millennium of the Common Era. The objective of this work is to explore and discuss the South American camelid management strategies employed by the inhabitants of this area during the second half of the first millennium of the Common Era (~ 500–1000 CE). We present the results of zooarchaeological and stable isotope analyses of the bone assemblages recovered at the Oyola 7 and El Taco 19 archaeological sites, both located in the oriental slope of El Alto-Ancasti mountain range in two different local environments, the neotropical seasonally dry forest and the highland grassland respectively. Overall, our results indicate the presence of wild and domesticated camelid specimens with isotopic values that suggest mixed diets with different proportions of C3 and C4 plants. These findings point to hunting and herding as the two main camelid exploitation strategies employed in this area in the past, as well as different management strategies for the camelids found in Oyola 7 and El Taco 19.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-07-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 18
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: - Introduction
- Study area: the El Alto‑Ancasti mountain range
- El Alto‑Ancasti mountain range in the regional context
- The role of South American camelids in the El Alto‑Ancasti mountain range and adjacent areas
- The archaeological sites of Oyola 7 and El Taco 19 and their faunal assemblages
- Oyola 7
- El Taco 19
- Stable isotope analyses
- Discussion
- Final remarks
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s12520-022-01609-z
Other: shh3292
 Degree: -

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Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  Other : Archaeol Anthropol Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (8) Sequence Number: 144 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1866-9557
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1866-9557