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  Maturational indices of the cognitive control network are associated with inhibitory control in early childhood

Berger, P., Friederici, A. D., & Grosse Wiesmann, C. (2022). Maturational indices of the cognitive control network are associated with inhibitory control in early childhood. The Journal of Neuroscience, 42(32), 6258-6266. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2235-21.2022.

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 Creators:
Berger, Philipp1, 2, Author           
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author           
Grosse Wiesmann, Charlotte2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Minerva Fast Track Group Milestones of Early Cognitive Development, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3158377              

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 Abstract: Goal-directed behavior crucially relies on our capacity to suppress impulses and predominant behavioral responses. This ability, called inhibitory control, emerges in early childhood with marked improvements between 3 and 4 years. Here, we ask which brain structures are related to the emergence of this critical ability. Using a multimodal approach, we relate the pronounced behavioral improvements in different facets of 3-and 4-year-olds’ (N = 37, 20 female) inhibitory control to structural indices of maturation in the developing brain assessed with MRI. Our results show that cortical and subcortical structure of core regions in the adult cognitive control network, including the PFC, thalamus, and the inferior parietal cortices, are associated with early inhibitory functioning in preschool children. Probabilistic tractography revealed an association of frontoparietal (i.e., the superior longitudinal fascicle) and thalamocortical connections with early inhibitory control. Notably, these associations to brain structure were distinct for different facets of early inhibitory control, often referred to as motivational (‘hot’) and cognitive (‘cold’) inhibitory control. Our findings thus reveal the structural brain networks and connectivity related to the emergence of this core faculty of human cognition.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-05-202021-11-082022-05-242022-07-11
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2235-21.2022
Other: epub 2022
PMID: 35817578
 Degree: -

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Title: The Journal of Neuroscience
  Other : The Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : J. Neurosci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : Society of Neuroscience
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 42 (32) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 6258 - 6266 Identifier: ISSN: 0270-6474
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925502187_1