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  The critical role of interference control in metaphor comprehension evidenced by the drift–diffusion model

Yoon, H.-D., Shin, M., & Jeon, H.-A. (2021). The critical role of interference control in metaphor comprehension evidenced by the drift–diffusion model. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 19292. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-98351-8.

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Yoon, Hee-Dong1, Author
Shin, Minho1, Author
Jeon, Hyeon-Ae1, Author           
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Cognitive control; Human behaviour; Language
 Abstract: We address the question of, among several executive functions, which one has a strong influence on metaphor comprehension. To this end, participants took part in a metaphor comprehension task where metaphors had varying levels of familiarity (familiar vs. novel metaphors) with different conditions of context (supporting vs. opposing contexts). We scrutinized each participant's detailed executive functions using seven neuropsychological tests. More interestingly, we modelled their responses in metaphor comprehension using the drift-diffusion model, in an attempt to provide more systematic accounts of the processes underlying metaphor comprehension. Results showed that there were significant negative correlations between response times in metaphor comprehension and scores of the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT)-Semantic, suggesting that better performances in comprehending metaphors were strongly associated with better interference control. Using the drift-diffusion model, we found that the familiarity, compared to context, had greater leverage in the decision process for metaphor comprehension. Moreover, individuals with better performance in the COWAT-Semantic test demonstrated higher drift rates. In conclusion, with more fine-grained analysis of the decisions involved in metaphor comprehension using the drift-diffusion model, we argue that interference control plays an important role in processing metaphors.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-03-212021-09-082021-09-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-98351-8
PMID: 34588490
PMC: PMC8481255
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 19292 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322