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  Small-sample limit of the Bennett acceptance ratio method and the variationally derived intermediates.

Reinhardt, M., & Grubmüller, H. (2021). Small-sample limit of the Bennett acceptance ratio method and the variationally derived intermediates. Physical Review E, 104(5): 054133. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.104.054133.

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Reinhardt, M.1, Author           
Grubmüller, H.1, Author           
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1Department of Theoretical and Computational Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578631              

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 Abstract: Free energy calculations based on atomistic Hamiltonians provide microscopic insight into the thermodynamic driving forces of biophysical or condensed matter systems. Many approaches use intermediate Hamiltonians interpolating between the two states for which the free energy difference is calculated. The Bennett acceptance ratio (BAR) and variationally derived intermediates (VI) methods are optimal estimator and intermediate states in that the mean-squared error of free energy calculations based on independent sampling is minimized. However, BAR and VI have been derived based on several approximations that do not hold for very few sample points. Analyzing one-dimensional test systems, we show that in such cases BAR and VI are suboptimal and that established uncertainty estimates are inaccurate. Whereas for VI to become optimal, less than seven samples per state suffice in all cases; for BAR the required number increases unboundedly with decreasing configuration space densities overlap of the end states. We show that for BAR, the required number of samples is related to the overlap through an inverse power law. Because this relation seems to hold universally and almost independent of other system properties, these findings can guide the proper choice of estimators for free energy calculations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-242021-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.104.054133
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Title: Physical Review E
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: 8 Volume / Issue: 104 (5) Sequence Number: 054133 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1539-3755