English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
 
 
DownloadE-Mail
  Mid-late Holocene vegetation history of the Argive Plain (Peloponnese, Greece) as inferred from a pollen record from ancient Lake Lerna

Vignola, C., Hättestrand, M., Bonnier, A., Finné, M., Izdebski, A., Katrantsiotis, C., et al. (2022). Mid-late Holocene vegetation history of the Argive Plain (Peloponnese, Greece) as inferred from a pollen record from ancient Lake Lerna. PLoS One, 17(7): 0271548. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0271548.

Item is

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
shh3295.pdf (Publisher version), 6MB
Name:
shh3295.pdf
Description:
OA
OA-Status:
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Vignola, Christiano1, Author           
Hättestrand, Martina, Author
Bonnier, Anton, Author
Finné, Martin, Author
Izdebski, Adam1, Author           
Katrantsiotis, Christos, Author
Kouli, Katerina1, Author           
Liakopoulos, Georgios1, Author           
Norström, Elin, Author
Papadaki, Maria1, Author           
Strandberg, Nichola A., Author
Weiberg, Erika, Author
Masi, Alessia1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Palaeo-Science and History, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2600691              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Pollen, Sediment, Paleoclimatology, Pines, Forests, Olive trees, Paleoenvironments, Lakes
 Abstract: This study provides a high-resolution reconstruction of the vegetation of the Argive Plain (Peloponnese, Greece) covering 5000 years from the Early Bronze Age onwards. The well dated pollen record from ancient Lake Lerna has been interpreted in the light of archaeological and historical sources, climatic data from the same core and other regional proxies. Our results demonstrate a significant degree of human impact on the environments of the Argive Plain throughout the study period. During the Early Bronze Age evidence of a thermophilous vegetation is seen in the pollen record, representing the mixed deciduous oak woodland of the Peloponnesian uplands. The plain was mainly used for the cultivation of cereals, whereas local fen conditions prevailed at the coring site. Towards the end of this period an increasing water table is recorded and the fen turns into a lake, despite more arid conditions. In the Late Bronze Age, the presence of important palatial centres modified the landscape resulting in decrease of mixed deciduous oak woodland and increase in open land, partly used for grazing. Possibly, the human management produced a permanent hydrological change at Lake Lerna. From the Archaic period onwards the increasing human pressure in association with local drier conditions caused landscape instability, as attested by a dramatic alluvial event recorded in the Pinus curve at the end of the Hellenistic Age. Wet conditions coincided with Roman times and favoured a forest regeneration pattern in the area, at the same time as we see the most intensive olive cultivation in the pollen record. The establishment of an economic landscape primarily based on pastures is recorded in the Byzantine period and continues until modern times. Overgrazing and fires in combination with arid conditions likely caused degradation of the vegetation into garrigue, as seen in the area of the Argive Plain today.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-07-15
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 36
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Study area
- Geomorphology and hydrology of the Argive Plain
- Vegetation
- Climate
- Human occupation
Materials and methods
- Sediment sequence and age-depth model
- Pollen analysis
Results
- LPAZ 1: 486–202 cm, ca. 4760–2240 BP (2810–290 BCE)
- LPAZ 2: 203–42 cm, ca. 2240–270 BP (290 BCE-1680 CE)
- LPAZ 3: 41–0 cm, ca. 270 BP-present
Interpretation and discussion
- The Early Bronze Age (5150–4000 BP)
- The Middle and Late Bronze Age (4000–3150 BP)
- The end of the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age (3150–2650 BP)
- Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period (2650–2096 BP)
- The Roman period (2096–1620 BP)
- Byzantine and Medieval period (1620–487 BP)
- Ottoman and modern Greek period (487 BP-present)
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271548
Other: shh3295
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: PLoS One
  Abbreviation : PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 17 (7) Sequence Number: 0271548 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850