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  Microbial Rhodopsins

Gordeliy, V., Kovalev, K., Bamberg, E., Rodriguez-Valera, F., Zinovev, E., Zabelskii, D., et al. (2022). Microbial Rhodopsins. In V. Gordeliy (Ed.), Rhodopsin: Methods and Protocols (pp. 1-52). New York: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-0716-2329-9_1.

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 Creators:
Gordeliy, Valentin1, Author
Kovalev, Kirill1, Author
Bamberg, Ernst2, Author           
Rodriguez-Valera, Francisco1, Author
Zinovev, Egor1, Author
Zabelskii, Dmitrii1, Author
Alekseev, Alexey1, Author
Rosselli, Riccardo1, Author
Gushchin, Ivan1, Author
Okhrimenko, Ivan1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Emeritusgroup Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_2253652              

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Free keywords: Ion transport, Membrane protein, Optogenetics, Retinal, Rhodopsin
 Abstract: The first microbial rhodopsin, a light-driven proton pump bacteriorhodopsin from Halobacterium salinarum (HsBR), was discovered in 1971. Since then, this seven-α-helical protein, comprising a retinal molecule as a cofactor, became a major driver of groundbreaking developments in membrane protein research. However, until 1999 only a few archaeal rhodopsins, acting as light-driven proton and chloride pumps and also photosensors, were known. A new microbial rhodopsin era started in 2000 when the first bacterial rhodopsin, a proton pump, was discovered. Later it became clear that there are unexpectedly many rhodopsins, and they are present in all the domains of life and even in viruses. It turned out that they execute such a diversity of functions while being “nearly the same.” The incredible evolution of the research area of rhodopsins and the scientific and technological potential of the proteins is described in the review with a focus on their function–structure relationships.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-07-212022
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 52
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/978-1-0716-2329-9_1
BibTex Citekey: gordeliy_microbial_2022
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Title: Rhodopsin: Methods and Protocols
Source Genre: Series
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Gordeliy, Valentin, Editor
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Publ. Info: New York : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 52 Identifier: ISBN: 978-1-07-162329-9

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Title: Springer Protocols
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Title: Methods in Molecular Biology
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2501 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: -