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  Interpersonal neural synchrony when predicting others’ actions during a game of rock-paper-scissors

Kayhan, E., Nguyen, T., Matthes, D., Langeloh, M., Michel, C., Jiang, J., et al. (2022). Interpersonal neural synchrony when predicting others’ actions during a game of rock-paper-scissors. Scientific Reports, 12(1): 12967. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-16956-z.

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 Creators:
Kayhan, Ezgi1, 2, Author           
Nguyen, T.1, 3, 4, Author
Matthes, Daniel1, 5, Author           
Langeloh, Miriam1, 6, Author           
Michel, Christine1, 7, Author           
Jiang, J.8, Author
Hoehl, Stefanie3, 9, Author           
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              
2Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Faculty of Psychology, University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              
4Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Center for Life Nano Science, Rome, Italy, ou_persistent22              
5Laboratory for Biosignal Processing (LaBP), University of Applied Sciences, Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Faculty of Education, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Department of Psychiatry, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA, ou_persistent22              
9Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              

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Free keywords: Cooperation; Empathy
 Abstract: As members of a social species, we spend most of our time interacting with others. In interactions, we tend to mutually align our behavior and brain responses to communicate more effectively. In a semi-computerized version of the Rock-Paper-Scissors game, we investigated whether people show enhanced interpersonal neural synchronization when making explicit predictions about others’ actions. Across four experimental conditions, we measured the dynamic brain activity using the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning method. Results showed that interpersonal neural synchrony was enhanced when participants played the game together as they would do in real life in comparison to when they played the game on their own. We found no evidence of increased neural synchrony when participants made explicit predictions about others’ actions. Hence, neural synchrony may depend on mutual natural interaction rather than an explicit prediction strategy. This study is important, as it examines one of the presumed functions of neural synchronization namely facilitating predictions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-302022-07-192022-07-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-16956-z
PMID: 35902663
PMC: PMC9334613
 Degree: -

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (1) Sequence Number: 12967 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322