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  Enhanced short-term memory function in older adults with dementia following music-feedback physical training: A pilot study

Strong, J., Arnold, M., Schneider, L., Perschl, J., Villringer, A., & Fritz, T. H. (2022). Enhanced short-term memory function in older adults with dementia following music-feedback physical training: A pilot study. Brain Sciences, 12(9): 1260. doi:10.3390/brainsci12091260.

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 Creators:
Strong, Jessica1, Author
Arnold, Maria2, Author
Schneider, Lydia2, Author                 
Perschl, Johanna2, Author
Villringer, Arno2, Author                 
Fritz, Thomas Hans2, 3, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE, Canada, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634549              
3Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Belgium, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Music therapy; Long-term care; Dementia; Physical activity; Older adults
 Abstract: Prior research demonstrates that music making, physical exercise, and social activity have unique, positive effects on cognition and mood. One intervention, “Jymmin®”, was developed incorporating these approaches and found effective for decreased pain perception and increased endurance, self-efficacy, mood, and muscle efficiency. Previously, Jymmin was not piloted with older adults with dementia. The current study is a randomized pilot study of the Jymmin® with an older adult population in a long-term care facility (n = 38), evaluated across dementia levels (mild, moderate, or severe). Results found significant improvements in scores on a confrontation naming task across all conditions (p = 0.047) and a significant interaction effect for short-term memory scores (p = 0.046), suggesting higher scores at Time 2 for the experimental group and at Time 3 for the control group. There were no significant changes in mood ratings. Findings are discussed in the context of neural activity and musical agency.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-09-082022-08-202022-11-092022-09-16
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/brainsci12091260
PMID: 36138996
PMC: PMC9496686
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Title: Brain Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel, Switzerland : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (9) Sequence Number: 1260 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2076-3425
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2076-3425