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  PRODIGE - envelope to disk with NOEMA - II. Small-scale temperature structure and streamer feeding the SVS13A protobinary based on CH3CN and DCN

Hsieh, T.-H., Segura-Cox, D. M., Pineda, J. E., Caselli, P., Bouscasse, L., Neri, R., et al. (2023). PRODIGE - envelope to disk with NOEMA - II. Small-scale temperature structure and streamer feeding the SVS13A protobinary based on CH3CN and DCN. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 669: A137. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202244183.

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Hsieh, T.-H.1, Author           
Segura-Cox, D. M.1, Author           
Pineda, J. E.1, Author           
Caselli, P.1, Author           
Bouscasse, L., Author
Neri, R., Author
Lopez-Sepulcre, A., Author
Valdivia Mena, M. T.1, Author           
Maureira, M. J.1, Author           
Henning, Th., Author
Smirnov-Pinchukov, G. V., Author
Semenov, D., Author
Möller, Th., Author
Cunningham, N., Author
Fuente, A., Author
Marino, S., Author
Dutrey, A., Author
Tafalla, M., Author
Chapillon, E., Author
Ceccarelli, C., Author
Zhao, B., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1950287              

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 Abstract: Aims. We present high-sensitivity and high spectral-resolution NOEMA observations of the Class 0/I binary system SVS13A, composed of the low-mass protostars VLA4A and VLA4B, with a separation of ~90 au. VLA4A is undergoing an accretion burst that is enriching the chemistry of the surrounding gas, which provides an excellent opportunity to probe the chemical and physical conditions as well as the accretion process.
Methods. We observe the (12K–11K) lines of CH3CN and CH313CN, the DCN (3–2) line, and the C18O (2–1) line toward SVS13A using NOEMA.
Results. We find complex line profiles at disk scales that cannot be explained by a single component or pure Keplerian motion. By adopting two velocity components to model the complex line profiles, we find that the temperatures and densities are significantly different among these two components. This suggests that the physical conditions of the emitting gas traced via CH3CN can change dramatically within the circumbinary disk. In addition, combining our observations of DCN (3–2) with previous ALMA observations at high angular resolution, we find that the binary system (or VLA4A) might be fed by an infalling streamer from envelope scales (~700 au). If this is the case, this streamer contributes to the accretion of material onto the system at a rate of at least 1.4 × 10−6 M yr−1.
Conclusions. We conclude that the CH3CN emission in SVS13A traces hot gas from a complex structure. This complexity might be affected by a streamer that is possibly infalling and funneling material into the central region.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2023-01-25
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202244183
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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
  Other : Astron. Astrophys.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: France : EDP Sciences S A
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 669 Sequence Number: A137 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1432-0746
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828219_1