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  Synergistic action of the Arabidopsis spliceosome components PRP39a and SmD1b in promoting post-transcriptional transgene silencing

Bazin, J., Elvira-Matelot, E., Blein, T., Jauvion, V., Bouteiller, N., Cao, J., et al. (2023). Synergistic action of the Arabidopsis spliceosome components PRP39a and SmD1b in promoting post-transcriptional transgene silencing. Plant Cell, 35(6): koad091, pp. 1917-1935. doi:10.1093/plcell/koad091.

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Bazin, J, Author
Elvira-Matelot, E, Author
Blein, T, Author
Jauvion, V, Author
Bouteiller, N, Author
Cao, J1, Author                 
Crespi, MD, Author
Vaucheret, H, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_3375790              

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 Abstract: Besides regulating splicing, the conserved spliceosome component SmD1b promotes posttranscriptional silencing of sense transgenes (S-PTGS). Here, we show that the conserved spliceosome component PRP39a also plays a role in S-PTGS in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, PRP39a and SmD1b actions appear distinct in both splicing and S-PTGS. Indeed, RNAseq-based analysis of expression level and alternative splicing in prp39a and smd1b mutants identified different sets of deregulated transcripts and non-coding RNAs. Moreover, double mutant analyses involving prp39a or smd1b and RNA quality control (RQC) mutants revealed distinct genetic interactions for SmD1b and PRP39a with nuclear RQC machineries, suggesting non-redundant roles in the RQC/PTGS interplay. Supporting this hypothesis, a prp39a smd1b double mutant exhibited enhanced suppression of S-PTGS compared to the single mutants. Because the prp39a and smd1b mutants 1) showed no major changes in the expression of PTGS or RQC components or in small RNA production, and 2) do not alter PTGS triggered by inverted-repeat transgenes directly producing dsRNA (IR-PTGS), PRP39a and SmD1b appear to synergistically promote a step specific to S-PTGS. We propose that, independently from their specific roles in splicing, PRP39a and SmD1b limit 3'-to-5' and/or 5'-to-3' degradation of transgene-derived aberrant RNAs in the nucleus, thus favoring the export of aberrant RNAs to the cytoplasm where their conversion into double-stranded RNA initiates S-PTGS.

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 Dates: 2023-032023-05
 Publication Status: Issued
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/plcell/koad091
PMID: 36970782
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Title: Plant Cell
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Rockville, MD : American Society of Plant Physiologists
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 35 (6) Sequence Number: koad091 Start / End Page: 1917 - 1935 Identifier: ISSN: 1040-4651
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925588345