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  Zinc-finger (ZiF) fold secreted effectors form a functionally diverse family across lineages of the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae

De la Concepcion, J., Langner, T., Fujisaki, K., Were, V., Yan, X., Lam, A., et al. (submitted). Zinc-finger (ZiF) fold secreted effectors form a functionally diverse family across lineages of the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.

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 Creators:
De la Concepcion, JC, Author
Langner, T1, Author                 
Fujisaki, K, Author
Were, V, Author
Yan, X, Author
Lam, AHC, Author
Saado, I, Author
Brabham, HJ, Author
Win, J, Author
Yoshida, K, Author
Talbot, NJ, Author
Terauchi, R, Author
Kamoun, S, Author
Banfield, MJ, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Filamentous plant pathogens deliver effector proteins into host cells to suppress host defence responses and manipulate metabolic processes to support colonization. Understanding the evolution and molecular function of these effectors provides knowledge about pathogenesis and can suggest novel strategies to reduce damage caused by pathogens. However, effector proteins are highly variable, share weak sequence similarity and, although they can be grouped according to their structure, only a few structurally conserved effector families have been functionally characterized to date. Here, we demonstrate that Zinc-finger fold (ZiF) secreted proteins form a functionally diverse effector family in the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. This family relies on the Zinc-finger motif for protein stability and is ubiquitously present, forming different effector tribes in blast fungus lineages infecting 13 different host species. Homologs of the canonical ZiF effector, AVR-Pii from rice infecting isolates, are present in multiple M. oryzae lineages, and the wheat infecting strains of the fungus, for example, possess an allele that also binds host Exo70 proteins and activates the immune receptor Pii. Furthermore, ZiF tribes vary in the host Exo70 proteins they bind, indicating functional diversification and an intricate effector/host interactome. Altogether, we uncovered a new effector family with a common protein fold that has functionally diversified in lineages of M. oryzae. This work expands our understanding of the diversity of M. oryzae effectors, the molecular basis of plant pathogenesis and may ultimately facilitate the development of new sources for pathogen resistance.

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 Dates: 2023-10
 Publication Status: Submitted
 Pages: -
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/2023.10.18.562914
 Degree: -

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