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  Capturing differences in perception and aesthetic judgment of live or medially presented music: development of a self-report instrument

Meinel, L. S., Bullerjahn, C., Lindau, A., & Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (2024). Capturing differences in perception and aesthetic judgment of live or medially presented music: development of a self-report instrument. Frontiers in Psychology, 15: 1339168. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1339168.

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2024
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© 2024 Meinel, Bullerjahn, Lindau and Wald-Fuhrmann. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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 Creators:
Meinel, Larina Sue1, Author
Bullerjahn, Claudia1, Author
Lindau, Alexander2, Author
Wald-Fuhrmann, Melanie3, Author                 
Affiliations:
1Department of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies, Institute of Musicology and Music Education, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen , Giessen, Germany , ou_persistent22              
2Berliner Hochschule für Technik, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Music, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2421696              

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Free keywords: music perception, aesthetic judgment, live music, recorded music, audio-visual, 3D simulation, repertory grid technique, semantic differential
 Abstract: Nowadays there are multiple ways to perceive music, from attending concerts (live) to listening to recorded music through headphones (medial). In between there are many mixed modes, such as playback performances. In empirical music research, this plurality of performance forms has so far found little recognition. Until now no measuring instrument has existed that could adequately capture the differences in perception and aesthetic judgment. The purpose of our empirical investigation was to capture all dimensions relevant to such an assessment. Using 3D-simulations and dynamic binaural synthesis, various live and medial situations were simulated. A qualitative survey was conducted at the Department of Audio Communication of the Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin). With the help of the repertory grid technique, a data pool of approximately 400 attribute pairs was created and individual rating data were collected. Our first study served to create a semantic differential. In a second study, this semantic differential was evaluated. The development of the semantic differential was carried out by first using a mixed-method approach to qualitative analysis according to grounded theory. Thereafter, a principal component analysis reduced the attribute pairs to 67 items in four components. The semantic differential consists of items concerning acoustic, visual and audio-visual interaction as well as items with an overarching assessment of the stimuli. The evaluation study, comprising 45 participants (23 male and 22 female, M = 42.56 years, SD = 17.16) who rated 12 stimuli each, reduced the items to 61 and resulted in 18 subscales and nine single items. Because the survey used simulations, the social component may be underrepresented. Nevertheless, the questionnaire we created enables the evaluation of music performances (especially for classical concerts) in a new scope, thus opening many opportunities for further research. For example, in a live concert context, we observed not only that seating position influences the judgment of sound quality but also that visual elements influence immersion and felt affect. In the future, the differential could be reviewed for a larger stimulus pool, extended or used modularly for different research questions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2023-11-212024-03-062024-04-02
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1339168
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 Sequence Number: 1339168 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078