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  Testing the involvement of low-level visual representations during spoken word processing with non-Western students and meditators practicing Sudarshan Kriya Yoga

Baths, V., Jartarkar, M., Sood, S., Lewis, A. G., Ostarek, M., & Huettig, F. (2024). Testing the involvement of low-level visual representations during spoken word processing with non-Western students and meditators practicing Sudarshan Kriya Yoga. Brain Research, 1838: 148993. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2024.148993.

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 Creators:
Baths, Veeky1, Author
Jartarkar, Mayur1, Author
Sood, Shagun1, Author
Lewis, Ashley Glen2, Author           
Ostarek, Markus3, Author           
Huettig, Falk4, 5, 6, 7, Author           
Affiliations:
1K K Birla Goa Campus , Goa, India, ou_persistent22              
2Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations, ou_55236              
3Neurobiology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792551              
4Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792545              
5The Cultural Brain, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_2579693              
6University of Kaiserslautern-Landau, Kaiserslautern, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: continuous flash suppression, embodiment, meditation, replication, spoken words, visual representations, yoga
 Abstract: Previous studies, using the Continuous Flash Suppression (CFS) paradigm, observed that (Western) university students are better able to detect otherwise invisible pictures of objects when they are presented with the corresponding spoken word shortly before the picture appears. Here we attempted to replicate this effect with non-Western university students in Goa (India). A second aim was to explore the performance of (non-Western) meditators practicing Sudarshan Kriya Yoga in Goa in the same task. Some previous literature suggests that meditators may excel in some tasks that tap visual attention, for example by exercising better endogenous and exogenous control of visual awareness than non-meditators. The present study replicated the finding that congruent spoken cue words lead to significantly higher detection sensitivity than incongruent cue words in non-Western university students. Our exploratory meditator group also showed this detection effect but both frequentist and Bayesian analyses suggest that the practice of meditation did not modulate it. Overall, our results provide further support for the notion that spoken words can activate low-level category-specific visual features that boost the basic capacity to detect the presence of a visual stimulus that has those features. Further research is required to conclusively test whether meditation can modulate visual detection abilities in CFS and similar tasks.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2024-05-072024-05-082024
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2024.148993
 Degree: -

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Title: Brain Research
  Other : Brain Res.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1838 Sequence Number: 148993 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0006-8993
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954926250616