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  Removing nonstationary, nonharmonic external interference from gravitational wave interferometer data

Sintes, A. M., & Schutz, B. F. (1999). Removing nonstationary, nonharmonic external interference from gravitational wave interferometer data. Physical Review D., 60(6): 062001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.60.062001.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-106C-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-106F-5
Genre: Journal Article

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Sintes, Alicia M.1, Author              
Schutz, Bernard F.1, Author              
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1Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, ou_24013              

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 Abstract: We describe a procedure to identify and remove a class of nonstationary and nonharmonic interference lines from gravitational wave interferometer data. These lines appear to be associated with the external electricity main supply, but their amplitudes are non-stationary and they do not appear at harmonics of the fundamental supply frequency. We find an empirical model able to represent coherently all the nonharmonic lines we have found in the power spectrum, in terms of an assumed reference signal of the “primary” supply input signal. If this signal is not available then it can be reconstructed from the same data by making use of the coherent line removal algorithm that we have described elsewhere. All these lines are broadened by frequency changes of the supply signal, and they corrupt significant frequency ranges of the power spectrum. The physical process that generates this interference is so far unknown, but it is highly nonlinear and nonstationary. Using our model, we cancel the interference in the time domain by an adaptive procedure that should work regardless of the source of the primary interference. We have applied the method to laser interferometer data from the Glasgow prototype detector, where all the features we describe in this paper were observed. The algorithm has been tuned in such a way that the entire series of wide lines corresponding to the electrical interference are removed, leaving the spectrum clean enough to detect signals previously masked by them. Single-line signals buried in the interference can be recovered with at least 75 % of their original signal amplitude.

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 Dates: 1999-08-23
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.60.062001
eDoc: 60231
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Title: Physical Review D.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lancaster, Pa. : Published for the American Physical Society by the American Institute of Physics
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 60 (6) Sequence Number: 062001 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1089-4918