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  Type II critical phenomena of neutron star collapse

Noble, S. C., & Choptuik, M. W. (2008). Type II critical phenomena of neutron star collapse. Physical Review D, 78(6): 064059. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.064059.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-13A7-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-13AA-5
Genre: Journal Article

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PRD78-064059.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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 Creators:
Noble, Scott C.1, Author
Choptuik, Matthew W.2, Author
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1External Organizations, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA , ou_persistent22              
2Geometric Analysis and Gravitation, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, ou_24012              

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Free keywords: gr-qc astro-ph
 Abstract: We investigate spherically symmetric, general relativistic systems of collapsing perfect fluid distributions. We consider neutron star models that are driven to collapse by the addition of an initially “ingoing” velocity profile to the nominally static star solution. The neutron star models we use are Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff solutions with an initially isentropic, gamma law equation of state. The initial values of (1) the amplitude of the velocity profile, and (2) the central density of the star, span a parameter space, and we focus only on that region that gives rise to type II critical behavior, wherein black holes of arbitrarily small mass can be formed. In contrast to previously published work, we find that—for a specific value of the adiabatic index (Gamma=2)—the observed type II critical solution has approximately the same scaling exponent as that calculated for an ultrarelativistic fluid of the same index. Further, we find that the critical solution computed using the ideal-gas equations of state asymptotes to the ultrarelativistic critical solution.

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 Dates: 2008-09-23
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Method: Peer
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Title: Physical Review D
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 78 (6) Sequence Number: 064059 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1089-4918