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  Parallel-stranded DNA with natural base sequences

Shchyolkina, A. K., Borisova, O. F., Livshits, M. A., & Jovin, T. M. (2003). Parallel-stranded DNA with natural base sequences. Molecular Biology, 37(2), 223-231. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B7CV2-4B43DSJ-34-1&_cdi=18066&_user=38661&_pii=S0076687903601102&_orig=search&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2003&_sk=996399999&view=c&wchp=dGLbVtz-zSkzS&md5=93fee6b809807cad4bae1fdfb56d1cb4&ie=/sdarticle.pdf.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-F1B8-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-E426-3
Genre: Journal Article

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Shchyolkina, A. K., Author
Borisova, O. F., Author
Livshits, M. A., Author
Jovin, T. M.1, Author              
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1Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578628              

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 Abstract: Noncanonical parallel-stranded DNA double helices (ps-DNA) of natural nucleotide sequences are usually less stable than the canonical antiparallel-stranded DNA structures, which ensures reliable cell functioning. However, recent data indicate a possible role of ps-DNA in DNA loops or in regions of trinucleotide repeats connected with neurodegenerative diseases. The review surveys recent studies on the effect of nucleotide sequence on preference of one or other type of DNA duplex. (1) Ps-DNA of mixed AT/GC composition was found to have conformational and thermodynamic properties drastically different from those of a Watson-Crick double helix. Its stability depends strongly on the specific sequence in a manner peculiar to the ps double helix, because of the energy disadvantage of the AT/GC contacts. The AT/GC boundary facilitated flipping of A and T out of the ps double helix. Proton acceptor groups of bases are exposed into both grooves of the ps-DNA and are accessible to solvent and ligands, including proteins. (2) DNA regions containing natural minor bases isoguanine and isomethylisocytosine were shown to form ps-DNA with trans AT-, trans isoGC, and trans iso5meCG pairs exceeding in stability a related canonical duplex. (3) Nucleotide sequence dG(GT)4G from yeast telomeres and microsatellites was demonstrated to form novel ps-DNA with GG and TT base pairing. Unlike d(GT)n- and d(GnTm) sequences able to form quadruplexes, the dG(GT)4G sequence formed no alternative double- or multistranded structures in a wide range of experimental conditions, thus suggesting that the nucleotidcontext governs the observed structural polymorphism of the d(GT)n sequence. The possible biological role of ps-DNA and the prospects of its study are discussed.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2004-07-292003
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: Molecular Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 37 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 223 - 231 Identifier: -