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  Effects of modafinil on working memory processes in humans

Müller, U., Steffenhagen, N., Regenthal, R., & Bublak, P. (2004). Effects of modafinil on working memory processes in humans. Psychopharmacology, 177(1-2), 161-169. doi:10.1007/s00213-004-1926-3.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-AEB8-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5A9F-F
Genre: Journal Article

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mueller_effects.pdf (Publisher version), 213KB
 
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Müller, Ulrich1, Author              
Steffenhagen, Nikolai2, Author              
Regenthal, R., Author
Bublak, Peter1, Author              
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Department Cognitive Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634563              

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 Abstract: RATIONALE: Modafinil is a well-tolerated psychostimulant drug with low addictive potential that is used to treat patients with narcolepsy or attention deficit disorders and to enhance vigilance in sleep-deprived military personal. So far, understanding of the cognitive enhancing effects of modafinil and the relevant neurobiological mechanisms are incomplete. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of modafinil on working memory processes in humans and how they are related to noradrenergic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex. METHODS: Sixteen healthy volunteers (aged 20-29 years) received either modafinil 200 mg or placebo using a double blind crossover design. Two computerized working memory tasks were administered, a numeric manipulation task that requires short-term maintenance of digit-sequences and different degrees of manipulation as well as delayed matching task that assesses maintenance of visuo-spatial information over varying delay lengths. The battery was supplemented by standardized paper pencil tasks of attentional functions. RESULTS: Modafinil significantly reduced error rates in the long delay condition of the visuo-spatial task and in the manipulation conditions, but not in the maintenance condition of the numeric task. Analyses of reaction times showed no speed-accuracy trade-off. Attentional control tasks (letter cancellation, trail-making, catch trials) were not affected by modafinil. CONCLUSIONS: In healthy volunteers without sleep deprivation modafinil has subtle stimulating effects on maintenance and manipulation processes in relatively difficult and monotonous working memory tasks, especially in lower performing subjects. Overlapping attentional and working memory processes have to be considered when studying the noradrenergic modulation of the prefrontal cortex.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2004
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 239122
DOI: 10.1007/s00213-004-1926-3
Other: P6673
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Title: Psychopharmacology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 177 (1-2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 161 - 169 Identifier: ISSN: 0033-3158
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925436478