English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Pathways into ecstasy use: The role of prior cannabis use and ecstasy availability

Zimmermann, P., Wittchen, H.-U., Waszak, F., Nocon, A., Höfler, M., & Lieb, R. (2005). Pathways into ecstasy use: The role of prior cannabis use and ecstasy availability. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 79(3), 331-341. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.02.008.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-CF79-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-2971-2
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Zimmermann, Petra, Author
Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich, Author
Waszak, Florian1, Author              
Nocon, Agnes, Author
Höfler, Michael, Author
Lieb, Roselind, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Ecstasy; Cannabis; Risk factor; Availability; Incidence
 Abstract: Aim: To explore the role of cannabis use for the availability of ecstasy as a potential pathway to subsequent first ecstasy use. Methods: Baseline and 4-year follow-up data from a prospective-longitudinal community study of originally 3021 adolescents and young adults aged 14–24 years at baseline were assessed using the standardized M-CIDI and DSM-IV criteria. Results: Baseline cannabis users reported at follow-up more frequent access to ecstasy than cannabis non-users. Higher cannabis use frequencies were associated with increased ecstasy availability reports. Logistic regression analyses revealed that cannabis use and availability of ecstasy at baseline are predictors for incident ecstasy use during the follow-up period. Testing simultaneously the impact of prior cannabis use and ecstasy availability including potential confounders, the association with cannabis use and later ecstasy use was confirmed (OR = 6.3; 95%CI = 3.6–10.9). However, the association with ecstasy availability was no longer significant (OR = 1.2; 95%CI = 0.3–3.9). Conclusions: Results suggest that cannabis use is a powerful risk factor for subsequent first onset of ecstasy use and this relation cannot be sufficiently explained by availability of ecstasy in the observation period.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2005
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 277912
Other: P6237
DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.02.008
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Lausanne : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 79 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 331 - 341 Identifier: ISSN: 0376-8716
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925525808