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  The role of proactive interference in mnemonic techniques

Massen, C., & Vaterrodt-Plünnecke, B. (2006). The role of proactive interference in mnemonic techniques. Memory, 14(2), 189-196. doi:10.1080/09658210544000042.

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 Creators:
Massen, Cristina1, Author              
Vaterrodt-Plünnecke, Bianca, Author
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1Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              

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Free keywords: Memory; Recall; Looking; LOCI
 Abstract: The success of many mnemonic techniques, such as the method of loci, is based on the use of specific well-known anchors, which are mentally combined with to-be-learned items and subsequently facilitate their retrieval. In our studies we intended to answer the question of whether the repeated application of the method of loci may result in proactive interference effects, as might be expected due to the applied association of items with the same loci each time the method is used. To this end, we manipulated list similarity in a typical proactive interference design and compared the method of loci with the link method and the rehearsal method, which do not involve the use of a specified set of anchors. Our results replicate those from other studies, which have shown that the use of a mnemonic technique leads to superior recall of list items compared to a simple rehearsal strategy. We were further able to show that the repeated learning of items from different categories results in moderate practice effects over three list-learning trials, whereas this effect is superimposed by an effect of proactive interference if different lists are composed of items from the same category. However, this effect of proactive interference was not increased for the method of loci, and we discuss this finding with regard to its practical implications.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 285748
DOI: 10.1080/09658210544000042
Other: P5895
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Title: Memory
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Hove (UK) : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 189 - 196 Identifier: ISSN: 0965-8211
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925256166