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  Carbon incorporation during ethene oxidation on Pd(111) studied by in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 2x10-3mbar

Gabasch, H., Kleimenov, E., Teschner, D., Zafeiratos, S., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., et al. (2006). Carbon incorporation during ethene oxidation on Pd(111) studied by in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 2x10-3mbar. Journal of Catalysis, 242(2), 340-348. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2006.06.022.

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 Creators:
Gabasch, Harald1, Author              
Kleimenov, Evgueni1, Author              
Teschner, Detre1, Author              
Zafeiratos, Spiros1, Author              
Hävecker, Michael1, Author              
Knop-Gericke, Axel1, Author              
Schlögl, Robert1, Author              
Zemlyanov, Dimitri, Author
Aszalos-Kiss, B., Author
Hayek, Konrad, Author
Klötzer, Bernhard, Author
Affiliations:
1Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society, ou_24023              

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Free keywords: Palladium; Pd(111); Ethene oxidation; High pressure in situ XPS; Subsurface carbon; Dissolved carbon; Temperature-programmed reaction; Kinetic hysteresis Ethylene Oxidation over Pd(111)
 Abstract: The oxidation of ethene on the Pd(111) surface was studied in the temperature range of 330–923 K by in situ XPS and mass spectrometry both heating and cooling in a reaction mixture of 5 × 10−4 mbar C2H4 and 1.5 × 10−3 mbar O2. Carbon-containing surface species were found to be strongly predominant over oxygen species within the whole temperature range, despite the excess of oxygen in the gas phase. Diffusion of carbon into the palladium bulk started at 480 K, leading to the appearance of an electronically altered, dissolved carbon phase with a C1s energy of 284.45 eV at ~500 K, which extended over several layers in the near-surface region and was stable up to ~650 K. This spectroscopic trend was clearly related to a pronounced shift of catalytic selectivity toward CO. Above 660 K, the dissolved carbon species decomposed, the reaction occurred on an adsorbate-depleted Pd metal surface, with CO as the main product. During the cooling ramp, the same near-carbon modification formed at a 70-degree-lower threshold temperature, inducing pronounced hysteresis of the catalytic selectivity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006-09-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 299413
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2006.06.022
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Title: Journal of Catalysis
  Alternative Title : J. Catal.
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 242 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 340 - 348 Identifier: -