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  Four terpene synthases produce major compounds of the gypsy moth feeding-induced volatile blend of Populus trichocarpa

Danner, H., Boeckler, A., Irmisch, S., Yuan, J. S., Chen, F., Gershenzon, J., et al. (2011). Four terpene synthases produce major compounds of the gypsy moth feeding-induced volatile blend of Populus trichocarpa. Phytochemistry, 72(9), 897-908. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.03.014.

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 Creators:
Danner, Holger1, 2, 3, Author              
Boeckler, Andreas1, 2, 3, Author              
Irmisch, Sandra2, 3, Author              
Yuan, Joshua S., Author
Chen, Feng3, Author              
Gershenzon, Jonathan3, Author              
Unsicker, Sybille1, 3, Author              
Köllner, Tobias3, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Dr. S. Unsicker, Chemical Ecology of Trees, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, ou_421912              
2IMPRS on Ecological Interactions, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, Jena, DE, ou_421900              
3Department of Biochemistry, Prof. J. Gershenzon, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, Jena, DE, ou_421893              
4Research Group Dr. T. Köllner, Volatile Biosynthesis, Department of Biochemistry, Prof. J. Gershenzon, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, Jena, DE, ou_929545              

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 Abstract: After herbivore damage, many plants increase their emission of volatile compounds, with terpenes usually comprising the major group of induced volatiles. Populus trichocarpa is the first woody species with a fully sequenced genome, enabling rapid molecular approaches towards characterization of volatile terpene biosynthesis in this and other poplar species. We identified and characterized four terpene synthases (PtTPS1–4) from P. trichocarpa which form major terpene compounds of the volatile blend induced by gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) feeding. The enzymes were heterologously expressed and assayed with potential prenyl diphosphate substrates. PtTPS1 and PtTPS2 accepted only farnesyl diphosphate and produced (−)-germacrene D and (E,E)-α-farnesene as their major products, respectively. In contrast, PtTPS3 and PtTPS4 showed both mono- and sesquiterpene synthase activity. They produce the acyclic terpene alcohols linalool and nerolidol but exhibited opposite stereospecificity. qRT-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of the respective terpene synthase genes was induced after feeding of gypsy moth caterpillars. The TPS enzyme products may play important roles in indirect defense of poplar to herbivores and in mediating intra- and inter-plant signaling.

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 Dates: 20112011
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: Other: GER308
DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.03.014
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Title: Phytochemistry
  Other : Phytochem
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 72 (9) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 897 - 908 Identifier: ISSN: 0031-9422
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925433416