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  Numerical Simulations of Neutron Star - Black Hole Mergers

Löffler, F. (2006). Numerical Simulations of Neutron Star - Black Hole Mergers. PhD Thesis, Universität Potsdam, Potsdam.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-31F2-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-31F3-7
Genre: Thesis

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 Creators:
Löffler, Frank1, Author
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1MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, ou_24007              

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 Abstract: Collisions of black holes and neutron stars, named mixed binaries in the following, are interesting because of at least two reasons. Firstly, it is expected that they emit a large amount of energy as gravitational waves, which could be measured by new detectors. The form of those waves is expected to carry information about the internal structure of such systems. Secondly, collisions of such objects are the prime suspects of short gamma ray bursts. The exact mechanism for the energy emission is unknown so far. In the past, Newtonian theory of gravitation and modifications to it were often used for numerical simulations of collisions of mixed binary systems. However, near to such objects, the gravitational forces are so strong, that the use of General Relativity is necessary for accurate predictions. There are a lot of problems in general relativistic simulations. However, systems of two neutron stars and systems of two black holes have been studies extensively in the past and a lot of those problems have been solved. One of the remaining problems so far has been the use of hydrodynamic on excision boundaries. Inside excision regions, no evolution is carried out. Such regions are often used inside black holes to circumvent instabilities of the numerical methods near the singularity. Methods to handle hydrodynamics at such boundaries have been described and tests are shown in this work. One important test and the first application of those methods has been the simulation of a collapsing neutron star to a black hole. The success of these simulations and in particular the performance of the excision methods was an important step towards simulations of mixed binaries. Initial data are necessary for every numerical simulation. However, the creation of such initial data for general relativistic situations is in general very complicated. In this work it is shown how to obtain initial data for mixed binary systems using an already existing method for initial data of two black holes. These initial data have been used for evolutions of such systems and problems encountered are discussed in this work. One of the problems are instabilities due to different methods, which could be solved by dissipation of appropriate strength. Another problem is the expected drift of the black hole towards the neutron star. It is shown, that this can be solved by using special gauge conditions, which prevent the black hole from moving on the computational grid. The methods and simulations shown in this work are only the starting step for a much more detailed study of mixed binary system. Better methods, models and simulations with higher resolution and even better gauge conditions will be focus of future work. It is expected that such detailed studies can give information about the emitted gravitational waves, which is important in view of the newly built gravitational wave detectors. In addition, these simulations could give insight into the processes responsible for short gamma ray bursts.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006-07-24
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 205
 Publishing info: Potsdam : Universität Potsdam
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-7743
 Degree: PhD

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