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  Phenylxylylethane (PXE): A high-density, high-flash point organic liquid scintillator for low energy neutrino experiments

Back, H. O., Balata, M., Bellini, G., Benziger, J., Bonetti, S., Caccianiga, B., et al. (2008). Phenylxylylethane (PXE): A high-density, high-flash point organic liquid scintillator for low energy neutrino experiments. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 585(1-2), 48-60. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2007.10.045.

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Back, H. O.1, Author
Balata, M.1, Author
Bellini, G.2, Author           
Benziger, J.1, Author
Bonetti, S.1, Author
Caccianiga, B.1, Author
Calaprice, F.1, Author
D'Angelo, D.1, Author
de Bellefon, A.1, Author
de Kerret, H.1, Author
Derbin, A.1, Author
Etenko, A.1, Author
Ford, R.1, Author
Franco, D.2, Author           
Galbiati, C.1, Author
Gazzana, A.1, Author
Giammarchi, M. G.1, Author
Goeger-Neff, M.1, Author
Goretti, A.1, Author
Grieb, C.1, Author
Ianni, A.1, AuthorIanni, A. M.1, AuthorKorga, G.1, AuthorKozlov, Y.1, AuthorKryn, D.1, AuthorLaubenstein, M.2, Author           Lombardi, P.1, AuthorManno, I.1, AuthorManuzio, D.1, AuthorManuzio, G.1, AuthorMasetti, F.1, AuthorMcCarty, K.1, AuthorMeroni, E.1, AuthorMiramonti, L.1, AuthorMonzani, M. E.1, AuthorNiedermeier, L.1, AuthorOberauer, L.1, AuthorObolensky, M.1, AuthorOrtica, F.1, AuthorPallavicini, M.1, AuthorPapp, L.1, AuthorPerasso, L.1, AuthorPocar, A.1, AuthorRaghavan, R. S.1, AuthorRanucci, G.1, AuthorRazeto, A.1, AuthorSabelnikov, A.1, AuthorSalvo, C.1, AuthorSchönert, S.2, Author           Shutt, T.1, AuthorSimgen, H.2, Author           Skorokhvatov, M.1, AuthorSmirnov, O.1, AuthorSonnenschein, A.1, AuthorSotnikov, A.1, AuthorSukhotin, A.1, AuthorTarasenkov, V.1, AuthorTartaglia, R.1, AuthorTestera, G.1, AuthorVignaud, D.1, AuthorVogelaar, R. B.1, Authorvon Feilitzsch, F.1, AuthorWojcik, M.2, Author           Zaimidoroga, O.1, AuthorZuzel, G.2, Author           de Bari, A.1, AuthorBeau, T.1, Authorde Bellefon, A.1, AuthorBuck, Ch.2, Author           Heusser, G.2, Author           Kiko, J.2, Author           Hampel, W.2, Author           Hartmann, F.2, Author           Freudiger, B.2, Author           Rau, W.2, Author           Brigatti, A.1, AuthorCadonati, L.1, AuthorCecchet, G.1, AuthorChen, M.1, AuthorDi Credico, A.1, AuthorDadoun, O.1, AuthorDeutsch, M.1, AuthorElisei, F.1, AuthorFernholz, R.1, AuthorGatti, F.1, AuthorGiammarchi, M. G.1, AuthorGiugni, D.1, Authorde Haas, E.1, AuthorHagner, C.1, AuthorHarding, E.1, AuthorHertrich, T.1, AuthorHess, H.1, AuthorKirsten, T.2, Author           Korschinek, G.1, AuthorLendvai, C.1, AuthorLoeser, F.1, AuthorLombardi, P.1, AuthorMalvezzi, S.1, AuthorManeira, J.1, AuthorMartemianov, A.1, AuthorMazzucato, U.1, AuthorMusico, P.1, AuthorParmeggiano, S.1, AuthorResconi, E.3, Author           Scardaoni, R.1, AuthorSchimizzi, D.1, AuthorSchuhbeck, K. H.1, AuthorBrigatti, A.1, AuthorBorexino Collaboration, Editor   more..
1aPhysics Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Robeson Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0435, USA bI.N.F.N Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, SS 17 bis Km 18+910, I-67010 Assergi(AQ), Italy cDipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica Università and I.N.F.N., Pavia, Via A. Bassi, 6 I-27100 Pavia, Italy dAstroparticule et Cosmologie, 10, rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75025 Paris cedex 13, France eDipartimento di Fisica Università and I.N.F.N., Milano, Via Celoria, 16 I-20133 Milano, Italy fDepartment of Physics, Princeton University, Jadwin Hall, Washington Rd, Princeton, NJ 08544-0708, USA hDepartment of Physics, Queen's University Stirling Hall, Kingston, Ont., Canada K7L 3N6 iTechnische Universität München, Physik Department E15, James Franck Straße, D-85747 Garching, Germany jJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russian Federation kDepartment of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA lDipartimento di Chimica Università, Perugia, Via Elce di Sotto 8, I-06123 Perugia, Italy mRRC Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq. 1, 123182 Moscow, Russian Federation nDipartimento di Fisica Università and I.N.F.N., Genova, Via Dodecaneso, 33 I-16146 Genova, Italy oKFKI-RMKI, Konkoly Thege ut 29-33, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary pBell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ 07974-2070, USA qM. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, PL-30059 Krakow, Poland, ou_persistent22              
2Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_904549              
3Elisa Resconi - Emmy Noether Junior Research Group, Junior Research Groups, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_907554              


Free keywords: -
 Abstract: We report on the study of a new liquid scintillator target for neutrino interactions in the framework of the research and development program of the Borexino solar neutrino experiment. The scintillator consists of 1,2-dimethyl-4-(1-phenylethyl)-benzene (phenyl-o- xylylethane, PXE) as solvent and 1,4-diphenylbenzene (para-Terphenyl, p-Tp) as primary and 1,4-bis(2- methylstyryl)benzene (bis-MSB) as secondary solute. The density close to that of water and the high flash point makes it an attractive option for large scintillation detectors in general. The study focused on optical properties, radioactive trace impurities and novel purification techniques of the scintillator. Attenuation lengths of the scintillator mixture of 12 m at 430 nm were achieved after purification with an alumina column. A radiocarbon isotopic ratio of has been measured in the scintillator. Initial trace impurities, e.g.could be purified to levels below by silica gel solid column purification.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008-01-21
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 331403
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.10.045
 Degree: -



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Source 1

Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A
  Alternative Title : NIM A
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 585 (1-2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 48 - 60 Identifier: -