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  How "social" is the social Simon effect?

Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Colzato, L. S., Schütz-Bosbach, S., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2011). How "social" is the social Simon effect? Frontiers in Psychology, 2: 84. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00084.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-F3D1-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-D1FA-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Dolk, Thomas1, Author              
Hommel, Bernhard, Author
Colzato, Lorenza S., Author
Schütz-Bosbach, Simone2, Author              
Prinz, Wolfgang1, Author              
Liepelt, Roman1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              
2Max Planck Research Group Body and Self, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634554              

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Free keywords: Joint action; Social Simon; Social cognition; Rubber hand illusion
 Abstract: In the standard Simon task, participants carry out spatially defined responses to non-spatial stimulus attributes. Responses are typically faster when stimulus location and response location correspond. This effect disappears when a participant responds to only one of the two stimuli and reappears when another person carries out the other response. This social Simon effect (SSE) has been considered as providing an index for action co-representation. Here, we investigated whether joint-action effects in a social Simon task involve mechanisms of action co-representation, as measured by the amount of incorporation of another person’s action. We combined an auditory social Simon task with a manipulation of the sense of ownership of another person’s hand (rubber hand illusion). If the SSE is established by action co-representation, then the incorporation of the other person’s hand into one’s own body representation should increase the SSE (synchronous > asynchronous stroking). However, we found the SSE to be smaller in the synchronous as compared to the asynchronous stroking condition (Experiment 1), suggesting that the SSE reflects the separation of spatial action events rather than the integration of the other person’s action. This effect is independent of the active involvement (Experiment 2) and the presence of another person (Experiment 3). These findings suggest that the “social” Simon effect is not really social in nature but is established when an interaction partner produces events that serve as a spatial reference for one’s own actions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-05-06
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00084
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 Sequence Number: 84 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078