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Cross-modal validation of the Leipzig Affective Norms for German (LANG)

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Kanske,  Philipp
Minerva Research Group Neurocognition of Rhythm in Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Department of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany;

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Kotz,  Sonja A.
Minerva Research Group Neurocognition of Rhythm in Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Kanske, P., & Kotz, S. A. (2011). Cross-modal validation of the Leipzig Affective Norms for German (LANG). Behavior Research Methods, 43(2), 409-413. doi:10.3758/s13428-010-0048-6.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-091E-C
Abstract
Affective stimuli are increasingly used in emotion research. Typically, stimuli are selected from databases providing affective norms. The validity of these norms is a critical factor with regard to the applicability of the stimuli for emotion research. We therefore probed the validity of the Leipzig Affective Norms for German (LANG) by correlating valence and arousal ratings across different sensory modalities. A sample of 120 words was selected from the LANG database, and auditory recordings of these words were obtained from two professional actors. The auditory stimuli were then rated again for valence and arousal. This cross-modal validation approach yielded very high correlations between auditory and visual ratings (>.95). These data confirm the strong validity of the Leipzig Affective Norms for German and encourage their use in emotion research.