Deutsch
 
Benutzerhandbuch Datenschutzhinweis Impressum Kontakt
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

Tone of voice guides word learning in informative referential contexts

MPG-Autoren
/persons/resource/persons151

Reinisch,  Eva
Adaptive Listening, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Department of Psychology, Emory University;
Mechanisms and Representations in Comprehending Speech, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons86

Jesse,  Alexandra
Language Comprehension Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst;

Externe Ressourcen
Es sind keine Externen Ressourcen verfügbar
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

Reinisch_QJEP_2013.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 378KB

Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Reinisch, E., Jesse, A., & Nygaard, L. C. (2013). Tone of voice guides word learning in informative referential contexts. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 1227-1240. doi:10.1080/17470218.2012.736525.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-0C49-3
Zusammenfassung
Listeners infer which object in a visual scene a speaker refers to from the systematic variation of the speaker's tone of voice (ToV). We examined whether ToV also guides word learning. During exposure, participants heard novel adjectives (e.g., “daxen”) spoken with a ToV representing hot, cold, strong, weak, big, or small while viewing picture pairs representing the meaning of the adjective and its antonym (e.g., elephant-ant for big-small). Eye fixations were recorded to monitor referent detection and learning. During test, participants heard the adjectives spoken with a neutral ToV, while selecting referents from familiar and unfamiliar picture pairs. Participants were able to learn the adjectives' meanings, and, even in the absence of informative ToV, generalise them to new referents. A second experiment addressed whether ToV provides sufficient information to infer the adjectival meaning or needs to operate within a referential context providing information about the relevant semantic dimension. Participants who saw printed versions of the novel words during exposure performed at chance during test. ToV, in conjunction with the referential context, thus serves as a cue to word meaning. ToV establishes relations between labels and referents for listeners to exploit in word learning.