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The relation between mirror self-image reactions and imitation in 14- and 18-month-old infants

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Prinz,  Wolfgang
Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Daum,  Moritz M.
Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zmyj, N., Prinz, W., & Daum, M. M. (2013). The relation between mirror self-image reactions and imitation in 14- and 18-month-old infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 36(4), 809-816. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.09.002.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-1738-E
Abstract
Previous research suggests that sensitivity to aspects of the self and others develop in tandem. We tested 14- and 18-month-olds’ imitative abilities and mirror self-image reactions (i.e., testing behavior and passing the mark test). Results showed that 14-month-olds’ imitation was closely related to the occurrence of testing behavior in front of the mirror, where they checked whether they could control the movements of the mirror image. Eighteen-month-olds, however, no longer showed this relation. Furthermore, in 18-month-olds, we found a high association between imitation and passing the mark test. These correlations suggest that infants’ mirror self-image reactions and imitation share the ability to detect and produce visual-motor contingencies.