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Journal Article

Wild at Heart: The Particle Astrophysics of the Galactic Centre

MPS-Authors
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Crocker,  Roland
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Jones,  David I.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Aharonian,  Felix
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland;

Fulltext (public)

1011.0206
(Preprint), 2MB

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There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Crocker, R., Jones, D. I., Aharonian, F., Law, C. J., Melia, F., Oka, T., et al. (2011). Wild at Heart: The Particle Astrophysics of the Galactic Centre. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 413(2), 763-788. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.18170.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-337A-2
Abstract
We treat of the high-energy astrophysics of the inner ~200 pc of the Galaxy. Our modelling of this region shows that the supernovae exploding here every few thousand years inject enough power to i) sustain the steady-state, in situ population of cosmic rays (CRs) required to generate the region's non-thermal radio and TeV {\gamma}-ray emis-sion; ii) drive a powerful wind that advects non-thermal particles out of the inner GC; iii) supply the low-energy CRs whose Coulombic collisions sustain the temperature and ionization rate of the anomalously warm, envelope H2 detected throughout the Cen-tral Molecular Zone; iv) accelerate the primary electrons which provide the extended, non-thermal radio emission seen over ~150 pc scales above and below the plane (the Galactic centre lobe); and v) accelerate the primary protons and heavier ions which, advected to very large scales (up to ~10 kpc), generate the recently-identified WMAP haze and corresponding Fermi haze/bubbles. Our modelling bounds the average magnetic field amplitude in the inner few degrees of the Galaxy to the range 60 < B/microG < 400 (at 2 sigma confidence) and shows that even TeV CRs likely do not have time to penetrate into the cores of the region's dense molecular clouds before the wind removes them from the region. This latter finding apparently disfavours scenarios in which CRs - in this star-burst-like environment - act to substantially modify the conditions of star-formation. We speculate that the wind we identify plays a crucial role in advecting low-energy positrons from the Galactic nucleus into the bulge, thereby explaining the extended morphology of the 511 keV line emission. (abridged)