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High levels of alkali-metal storage in thin films of hexa-peri- hexabenzocoronene

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Watson,  Mark
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Müllen,  Klaus
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Keil, M., Samori, P., dos Santos, D. A., Birgerson, J., Friedlein, R., Dkhissi, A., et al. (2002). High levels of alkali-metal storage in thin films of hexa-peri- hexabenzocoronene. Journal of Chemical Physics, 116(24), 10854-10860.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-65BC-9
Abstract
The affects of alkali-metal atoms on the electronic structure of disordered and highly ordered thin films of the medium-size aromatic hydrocarbon hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (HBC) have been investigated by valence and core level photoelectron spectroscopies-ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)-and accompanying quantum-chemical calculations. Deposition of Li or Na atoms in situ leads to new spectral features in the UPS spectra, which are related to formerly unoccupied molecular states. The binding energies and intensities of these features depend on the nature of the counterion. The smaller Li ion exhibits a stronger influence on the electronic structure than its sodium counterpart. In the intercalation of sodium into ordered films, a high degree of molecular order is preserved, and, at high deposition levels, a surface dipole is formed that is associated with the layered structure of the compound. Remarkably, high levels of alkali-metal storage of at least one alkali-metal atom for each four carbon atoms have been observed, indicating clearly the potential use of these graphene materials in lithium-ion batteries with a high charge- storage capacity. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.