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Proton transport through a peptide-tethered bilayer lipid membrane by the H+-ATP synthase from chloroplasts measured by impedance spectroscopy

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Naumann,  Renate
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Baumgart,  T.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Offenhäusser,  Andreas
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Knoll,  Wolfgang
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Naumann, R., Baumgart, T., Graber, P., Jonczyk, A., Offenhäusser, A., & Knoll, W. (2002). Proton transport through a peptide-tethered bilayer lipid membrane by the H+-ATP synthase from chloroplasts measured by impedance spectroscopy. Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 17(1-2), 25-34.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-66C3-F
Abstract
A lipid membrane was tethered to a gold film by a peptide spacer molecule terminated by a sulfhydryl group. Membranes were formed by fusion of liposomes prepared from egg phosphatidylcholine on self assembled monolayers of the thiolipopeptide Myr-Lys(Myr)-Ser-Ser-Pro-Ala-Ser-Ser-Ala-Ala- Ser-Ala-Cys-amide mixed with mercaptoethanol as a diluent molecule or lateral spacer. These mixed films, although not representing a perfect lipid bilayer, have been shown to retain the activity of incorporated H+-ATP synthases from chloroplasts in contrast to films prepared from the pure thiolipopeptide. The activity of the protein was demonstrated by impedance spectroscopy. The resistance decreased due to proton transport across the lipid film, which occurs as a consequence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis. Several effects previously determined from kinetic measurements of the enzyme reconstituted in liposomes such as saturation with respect to the substrate (ATP), inhibition by venturicidin, activation by a positive potential pulse and increase of the proton current as a function of increasingly negative potentials have been confirmed also for this tethered membrane system. Changes in the impedance spectra due to the addition of ATP were fully reversible. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.