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Fluxional processes in diamagnetic and paramagnetic allyl dicarbonyl and 2-methylallyl dicarbonyl molybdenum histidinato complexes as revealed by spectroscopic data and density functional calculations

MPG-Autoren
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van Staveren,  D. R.
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

Bill,  E.
Max Planck Society;

Bothe,  E.
Max Planck Society;

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Bühl,  M.
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Weyhermüller,  T.
Research Group Bühl, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

van Staveren, D. R., Bill, E., Bothe, E., Bühl, M., Weyhermüller, T., & Metzler-Nolte, N. (2002). Fluxional processes in diamagnetic and paramagnetic allyl dicarbonyl and 2-methylallyl dicarbonyl molybdenum histidinato complexes as revealed by spectroscopic data and density functional calculations. Chemistry-A European Journal, 8(7), 1649-1662. doi:10.1002/1521-3765(20020402)8:7<1649:AID-CHEM1649>3.0.CO;2-U.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-99FB-9
Zusammenfassung
This work describes a detailed study on the structure and dynamics of pseudooctahedral low-valent complexes of the type [Mo(His-N-epsilon-R)(eta-2-R'-allyl)(CO)(2)] (His= N-delta,N,O- L-histidinate; R = H, R' = H (1) R = C2H4CO2Me, R'=H (2); R=H, R'= Me (3); R = C2H4CO2Me, R'= Me (4)). These diamagnetic 18- electron complexes were comprehensively characterized spectroscopically and by X-ray crystallography. In the solid state, the (substituted) allyl ligand is in an endo position in all compounds., but it is trans to the His-N-delta atom in 1 and 2, whereas it is trans to the carboxylate O atom for the 2- Me-allyl compounds 3 and 4. In solution, both isomers are present in a solvent-dependent equilibrium. The third isomer (allyl trans to His-NH2) is not spectroscopically observed in solution. This is in agreement with the results from density functional (DFT) computations (BPW 91 functional) for 1 and 3, which predict a considerably higher energy (+6.3 and +5.9 kJ mol(-1), respectively) for this isomer. A likely path for isomerization is calculated, which is consistent with the activation energy determined by variable temperature NMR measurements. At least for 3, the preferred path involves several intermediates and a rotation of the 2-Me-allyl ligand. For the paramagnetic 17-electron congeners, DFT predicts the exo isomer of 3(+) with the 2-Me-allyl ligand trans to the carboxylate O atom to be by far the most stable isomer. For 1(+), an endo-exo equilibrium between the isomers with the allyl ligand trans to the carboxylate O atom is suggested. These suggestions are confirmed by EPR spectroscopy on the electrochemically generated species, which show signals for one- (4) and two- (2) metal-containing compounds. The appearance of the EPR spectra may be rationalized by inspection of the SOMOs from DFT calculations of the species in question. The notion of a metal-centered oxidation is also substantiated by IR spectroelectrochemistry and by UV/Vis spectra of the 17- electron complexes. Upon depleting the metal of electron density, the stretching vibrations of the carbonyl ligands shift more than 100 cm(-1) to higher wavenumbers, and the carbonyl vibration of the metal-coordinated carboxylate shifts by about 50 cm(-1). A color change from yellow to green upon oxidation is observed visually and quantified by the appearance of a new band at 622 nm (2(+)) and 546 nm (4(+)), respectively.