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Journal Article

Cycles in the Multiverse


Lehners,  Jean-Luc
Quantum Gravity & Unified Theories, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE;

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Johnson, M. C., & Lehners, J.-L. (2012). Cycles in the Multiverse. Physical Review D, 85(10): 103509. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.103509.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-A363-E
Eternal inflation is a seemingly generic consequence of theories that give rise to accelerated expansion of the universe and possess multiple vacuum states. Making predictions in an eternally inflating universe is notoriously difficult because one must compare infinite quantities, and a wide variety of regulating procedures yield radically different results. This is the measure problem of eternal inflation. In this paper, we analyze models of eternal inflation which allow for the possibility of cyclic bubble universes: in each bubble, standard cosmological evolution is re-played over and over again. Eternal inflation can generically arise in cyclic models that include a dark energy dominated phase. In such models, several problematic consequences of standard regulating procedures, such as the youngness and Boltzmann Brain problems, are substantially alleviated. We discuss the implications for making predictions in cyclic models, as well as some general implications for understanding the measure problem in eternal inflation.