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Thermodynamics of the GTP-GDP operated conformational switch of selenocysteine-specific translation factor SelB.

MPS-Authors
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Paleskava,  A.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Konevega,  A. L.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Rodnina,  M. V.
Department of Physical Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Paleskava, A., Konevega, A. L., & Rodnina, M. V. (2012). Thermodynamics of the GTP-GDP operated conformational switch of selenocysteine-specific translation factor SelB. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(33), 27906-27912. doi:10.1074/jbc.M112.366120.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-C70C-D
Abstract
SelB is a specialized translation factor that binds GTP and GDP and delivers selenocysteyl-tRNA (Sec-tRNASec) to the ribosome. By analogy to elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), SelB is expected to control the delivery and release of Sec-tRNASec to the ribosome by the structural switch between GTP- and GDP-bound conformations. However, crystal structures of SelB suggested a similar domain arrangement in the apo form and GDP- and GTP-bound forms of the factor, raising the question of how SelB can fulfill its delivery function. Here, we studied the thermodynamics of guanine nucleotide binding to SelB by isothermal titration calorimetry in the temperature range between 10 and 25 °C using GTP, GDP, and two nonhydrolyzable GTP analogs, guanosine 5′-O-(γ-thio)triphosphate (GTPγS) and guanosine 5′-(β,γ-imido)-triphosphate (GDPNP). The binding of SelB to either guanine nucleotide is characterized by a large heat capacity change (−621, −467, −235, and −275 cal × mol−1 × K−1, with GTP, GTPγS, GDPNP, and GDP, respectively), associated with compensatory changes in binding entropy and enthalpy. Changes in heat capacity indicate a large decrease of the solvent-accessible surface area in SelB, amounting to 43 or 32 amino acids buried upon binding of GTP or GTPγS, respectively, and 15–19 amino acids upon binding GDP or GDPNP. The similarity of the GTP and GDP forms in the crystal structures can be attributed to the use of GDPNP, which appears to induce a structure of SelB that is more similar to the GDP than to the GTP-bound form.