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Journal Article

The boreoalpine distribution of groundwater organisms in Europe


Husmann,  Siegfried
Limnological River Station Schlitz, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Husmann, S. (1975). The boreoalpine distribution of groundwater organisms in Europe. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für Limnologie, 19, 2983-2988.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-CD6E-1
Summary In the investigated alpine and boreal groundwater no "typical borealpine" species (sensu Thienemann 1950) were found. Here only "boreoalpine organisms in a wider sense" are living, which moreover exist in subterranean biotopes and in moss in the intermediate region between Alps and Scandinavian mountains. This distribution way may be understood by the fact that groundwater organisms, which are adapted to cold water could find corresponding thermic conditions in the intermediate region only in deep-groundwater and in the stygorhithral groundwater in highlands, moreover in cool sources and in the border zones of nothern and southern glaciers. Therefore coldwater organisms in the intermediate region could outlast the postglacial warm time in groundwater.