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Schistocephalus cotti n. sp (Cestoda : Pseudophyllidea) plerocercoids from bullheads Cottus gobio L. in an Arctic river in Finland, with a key to the plerocercoids of the Palaearctic species of the genus

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Lüscher,  A.
Department Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Milinski,  M.
Department Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Chubb, J. C., Seppälä, T., Lüscher, A., Milinski, M., & Valtonen, E. T. (2006). Schistocephalus cotti n. sp (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) plerocercoids from bullheads Cottus gobio L. in an Arctic river in Finland, with a key to the plerocercoids of the Palaearctic species of the genus. Systematic Parasitology, 65(2), 161-170. doi:10.1007/s11230-006-9047-5.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-D837-6
Abstract
We compared plerocercoids of Schistocephalus Creplin, 1829 from Cottus gobio (n = 57) and Gasterosteus aculeatus f. semiarmatus (n = 45) from the River Utsjoki, Finland, taken only from single worm infections. Segment numbers in the two populations were distinct (G. aculeatus range 55-107, average 74 (SE 1.66), median 73; C. gobio range 122-189, average 146 (SE 1.78); median 144). The mean difference between populations, 71.47, t = 28.76 with 100 degrees of freedom, two-tailed p value < 0.001, was considered extremely significant. Amplification of microsatellite loci that were originally designed for Schistocephalus from G. aculeatus was positive for all larvae from G. aculeatus (n = 20), whereas in no plerocercoids from C. gobio (n = 20) were any of the six microsatellites amplified, indicating that plerocercoids from G. aculeatus and C. gobio were two distinct genetic populations of Schistocephalus. The material from C. gobio is described as S. cotti n. sp. Plerocercoids of the Palaearctic species of Schistocephalus are identified as follows: S. nemachili Dubinina, 1959 with 228-235 or more segments, specific to Barbatula spp. (Balitoridae); S. pungitii Dubinina, 1959 with 62-92 (usually 70-80) segments, specific to Pungitius pungitius; S. solidus (Muller, 1776) in two forms, one in G. aculeatus f. leiurus and f. semiarmatus, with 48-100 (usually 65-75) segments, and the other in G. aculeatus f. trachurus, with 99-138 (usually 112-122) segments; and S. cotti n. sp. with 103-189 (usually 130-159) segments, probably specific to cottids. Nearctic Schistocephalus were not considered owing to the uncertain status of some North American records. Some other species of Schistocephalus of highly doubtful status were briefly noted. Cross-infection experiments and molecular studies are recommended to further elucidate the interrelationships between the various species of Schistocephalus.