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Maternal effects of photoperiod and food level on life history characteristics of the cladoceran Daphnia pulicaria Forbes

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Alekseev,  Victor
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Lampert,  Winfried
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Alekseev, V., & Lampert, W. (2004). Maternal effects of photoperiod and food level on life history characteristics of the cladoceran Daphnia pulicaria Forbes. Cladocera, 225-230.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-DA99-7
Abstract
The response of various life-history characteristics of Daphnia pulicaria to photoperiod and food concentration was measured in 16 combinations of maternal and offspring environments ( long vs. short day, high vs. low food) in flow-through experiments. Response variables in offspring were time and survival to release of first offspring, clutch size and neonate mass in the first brood, mass of adult females after 30 days and somatic growth rate during the course of the experiment. Most of these parameters were directly controlled by food concentration in the offspring environment, but maternal effects frequently modified the response. A long day length in the maternal environment resulted in a prolongation of the time to first clutch release in offspring similar to the direct effect of low food. Likewise, survival to maturation and female mass were affected by maternal photoperiod. Somatic growth rate and clutch size responded to combined effects of maternal food conditions and photoperiod. The laboratory results were used to predict the seasonal change of fecundity of Daphnia in the field. When data on clutch size are ordered in a sequence as the different combinations of maternal and offspring environment occur during the seasonal succession in a temperate lake, they show a bimodal distribution with a high peak in spring and a lower peak in fall. This pattern is consistent with field observations. We conclude that photoperiod and maternal effects are important factors influencing life history and population dynamics of Daphnia