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Notes on the unique structure of the spiracles and legs in Pandirodesmus disparipes Silvestri, 1932 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae), with some possible implications concerning its mode of life.

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Adis,  Joachim
Working Group Tropical Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Adis, J., & Golovatch, S. I. (2000). Notes on the unique structure of the spiracles and legs in Pandirodesmus disparipes Silvestri, 1932 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae), with some possible implications concerning its mode of life. Fragmenta Faunistica, 43(9), 97-108.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-DF17-1
Abstract
Pandirodesmus disparipes Silvestri, 1932, a remarkable diplopod from Guyana taken from an unknown habitat, was restudied from type material. Based on some rare traits (erect metatergal spines; swollen distal parts of most tibiae plus the basal parts of the tarsi; apical part of most tarsi with numerous long but stiff setae instead of a claw) and unique (extruding tubiform spiracles; extremely long legs, with the posterior pair per segment being considerably longer than the anterior one; legs and sternites beset with ramose, tree-like setae) as well as some circumstantial evidence derived from fossils and a few Recent taxa, the mode of life and the environment in this species are presumed as climbing on humid vegetation and/or swimming/gliding on the water surface in floodplains or savannahs, by all means in very close if not direct contact with water.