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Journal Article

Differentially Rotating Disks of Dust: Arbitrary Rotation Law


Ansorg,  Marcus
Geometric Analysis and Gravitation, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Ansorg, M. (2001). Differentially Rotating Disks of Dust: Arbitrary Rotation Law. General Relativity and Gravitation, 33(2), 309-338. doi:10.1023/A:1002705402248.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-55BD-2
In this paper, solutions to the Ernst equation are investigated that depend on two real analytic functions defined on the interval [0,1]. These solutions are introduced by a suitable limiting process of Bäcklund transformations applied to seed solutions of the Weyl class. It turns out that this class of solutions contains the general relativistic gravitational field of an arbitrary differentially rotating disk of dust, for which a continuous transition to some Newtonian disk exists. It will be shown how for given boundary conditions (i.e. proper surface mass density or angular velocity of the disk) the gravitational field can be approximated in terms of the above solutions. Furthermore, particular examples will be discussed, including disks with a realistic profile for the angular velocity and more exotic disks possessing two spatially separated ergoregions.