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Journal Article

Areal diffusion and the development of evidentiality - Evidence from Hup


Epps,  Patience L.
Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;

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Epps, P. L. (2005). Areal diffusion and the development of evidentiality - Evidence from Hup. Studies in Language, 29(3), 617-650.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-033D-7
Evidentiality is prone to diffusion and has been identified as a diagnostic feature of linguistic areas such as the Vaupes region of the Brazilian Amazon (e.g., Aikhenvald and Dixon 1998). This paper examines the processes by which a complex evidentiality system can develop in a particular language, catalyzed by language contact but fed by language-internal resources. The discussion considers data from Hup, a Vaupes language of the Vaupes-Japura (Maku) family, and demonstrates that Hup has developed an evidentiality system parallel to those found in the two other unrelated language families of the region. Finally, a reconstruction of an evidentiality distinction for the Vaupes-japura family challenges Aikhenvald and Dixon's (1998) claim that evidentiality had two independent points of innovation in northern Amazonia. [References: 54]