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Journal Article

Open and closed loops: A computational approach to attention and consciousness


Trapp,  Sabrina
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Trapp, S., Schroll, H., & Hamker, F. H. (2012). Open and closed loops: A computational approach to attention and consciousness. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 8(1), 1-8. doi:10.5709/acp-0096-y.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-15AB-F
Within recent years, researchers have proposed the independence of attention and consciousness on both empirical and conceptual grounds. However, the elusive nature of these constructs complicates progress in the investigation of their interaction. We present a framework within which we conceptualize attention and consciousness in computational terms. Here, the concepts are consi-dered as large-scale, functionally and structurally different processes, embedded in a biologically inspired architecture, spanning the full arc from stimulus to response. Our architecture assumes a general independence of attention and consciousness, but supposes strong interactions. Furthermore, it addresses the developmental aspect, stressing that these functions have to gradually develop through learning.