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Model oxide-supported metal catalysts – comparison of ultrahigh vacuum and solution based preparation of Pd nanoparticles on a single-crystalline oxide substrate

MPS-Authors
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Wang,  Huifeng
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Kaden,  William
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Dowler,  Rhys
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Sterrer,  Martin
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Freund,  Hans-Joachim
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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c2cp41459g.pdf
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Citation

Wang, H., Kaden, W., Dowler, R., Sterrer, M., & Freund, H.-J. (2012). Model oxide-supported metal catalysts – comparison of ultrahigh vacuum and solution based preparation of Pd nanoparticles on a single-crystalline oxide substrate. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(32), 11525-11533. doi:10.1039/C2CP41459G.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-2246-C
Abstract
Using single-crystalline Fe₃O₄(111) films grown over Pt(111) in UHV as a model-support, we have characterized the nucleation behaviour and chemical properties of Pd particles grown over the film using different deposition techniques with scanning tunnelling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Comparison of Pd/Fe₃O₄ samples created via Pd evaporation under UHV conditions and those resulting from the solution deposition of Pd-hydroxo complexes reveals that changes in the interfacial functionalization of such samples (i.e. roughening and hydroxylation) govern the differences in Pd nucleation behavior observed over pristine oxides relative to those exposed to alkaline solutions. Furthermore, it appears that other differences in the nature of the Pd precursor state (i.e. gas-phase Pd in UHV vs. [Pd(OH)₂] n aqueous complexes) play a negligible role in Pd nucleation and growth behaviour at elevated temperatures in UHV, suggesting facile decomposition of the Pd complexes deposited from the liquid phase. Applying temperature programmed desorption and infrared spectroscopy to probe the CO chemisorption properties of such samples after reduction in different reagents (CO, H₂) shows the formation of bimetallic PdFe alloys following reduction in H₂, but monometallic Pd particles after CO reduction.