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Journal Article

Effects of stratospheric sulfate aerosol geo-engineering on cirrus clouds


Feichter,  Johann
The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Kuebbeler, M., Lohmann, U., & Feichter, J. (2012). Effects of stratospheric sulfate aerosol geo-engineering on cirrus clouds. Geophysical Research Letters, 39: L23803. doi:10.1029/2012GL053797.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-506F-0
Cooling the Earth through the injection of sulphate into the stratosphere is one of the most discussed geo-engineering (GE) schemes. Stratospheric aerosols can sediment into the troposphere, modify the aerosol composition and thus might impact cirrus clouds. We use a global climate model with a physically based parametrization for cirrus clouds in order to investigate possible microphysical and dynamical effects. We find that enhanced stratospheric aerosol loadings as proposed by several GE approaches will likely lead to a reduced ice crystal nucleation rate and thus optically thinner cirrus clouds. These optically thinner cirrus clouds exert a strong negative cloud forcing in the long-wave which contributes by 60% to the overall net GE forcing. This shows that indirect effects of stratospheric aerosols on cirrus clouds may be important and need to be considered in order to estimate the maximum cooling derived from stratospheric GE.