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Journal Article

Purification and partial amino acid sequences of an esterase from tomato


Lottspeich,  F.
Lottspeich, Friedrich / Protein Analysis, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Stuhlfelder, C., Lottspeich, F., & Mueller, M. J. (2002). Purification and partial amino acid sequences of an esterase from tomato. Phytochemistry, 60(3), 233-240.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-6F1A-0
Screening of 18 suspension plant cell cultures of taxonomically distant species revealed that a methyl jasmonate hydrolysing enzyme activity (0.21-5.67 pkat/mg) occurs in all species so far analysed. The methyl jasmonate hydrolysing esterase was purified from cell cultures of Lycopersicon esculentum using a five-step procedure including anion-exchange chromatography, gel-filtration and chromatography on hydroxylapatite. The esterase was purified 767-fold to give an almost homogenous protein in a yield of 2.2%. The native enzyme exhibited a M-r of 26 kDa (gel-filtration chromatography), which was similar to the M-r determined by SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF analysis (M-r of 28547 kDa). Enzyme kinetics revealed a K-m value of 15 muM and a V-max value of 7.97 nkat/mg, an pH optimum of 9.0 and a temperature optimum of 40 degreesC. The enzyme also efficiently hydrolyzed methyl esters of abscisic acid, indole-3-acetic acid, and fatty acids. In contrast, methyl esters of salicylic acid, benzoic acid and cinnamic acid were only poor substrates for the enzyme. N-Methylmaleimide, iodacetamide, bestatin and pepstatin (inhibitors of thiol-, metal- and carboxyproteases, respectively) did not inactivate the enzyme while a serine protease inhibitor, phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, at a concentration of 5 mM led to irreversible and complete inhibition of enzyme activity. Proteolysis of the pure enzyme with endoproteinase LysC revealed three peptide fragments with 11-14 amino acids. N-Terminal sequencing yielded an additional peptide fragment with 10 amino acids. Sequence alignment of these fragments showed high homologies to certain plant esterases and hydroxynitrile lyases that belong to the alpha/beta hydrolase fold protein superfamily. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.