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Journal Article

Magnetization enhancement and cation valences in nonstoichiometric (Mn,Fe)3-δO4 nanoparticles


Weidenthaler,  Claudia
Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Weidenthaler, C., Antic, B., Kremenovic, A., Pavlovic, M., Jovalekic, C., Nikolic, A., et al. (2012). Magnetization enhancement and cation valences in nonstoichiometric (Mn,Fe)3-δO4 nanoparticles. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 111(7), 074309. doi:10.1063/1.3700228.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-747E-F
We present a study of the structural and magnetic properties of (Mn,Fe)3-δO4 nanoparticles synthesized by soft mechanochemistry using Mn(OH)2 × 2 H2O and Fe(OH)3 powders as starting compounds. The resulting nanoparticles with a composition of the (Mn,Fe)3-δO4 type are found to have a core/shell structure with different Mn/Fe ratios in the core and at the surface. XPS analysis points to valences of +2, +3, and +4 for Mn and +3 for Fe at the particle surface. Combined results of XRPD, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and EDX analysis suggest that there is a deviation from stoichiometry in the nanoparticle core compared to the shell, accompanied by creation of cation polyvalence and vacancies. The value of saturation magnetization, MS, of 73.5 emu/g at room temperature, is among the highest reported so far among nanocrystalline ferrite systems of similar composition.