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Journal Article

Partitioning net ecosystem exchange of CO2: A comparison of a Bayesian/isotope approach to environmental regression methods


Reichstein,  M.
Research Group Biogeochemical Model-data Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zobitz, J. M., Burns, S. P., Ogee, J., Reichstein, M., & Bowling, R. (2007). Partitioning net ecosystem exchange of CO2: A comparison of a Bayesian/isotope approach to environmental regression methods. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 112(3): G3013. doi:10.1029/2006JG000282.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-D61E-C
Separation of the net ecosystem exchange of CO2 (F) into its component fluxes of net photosynthesis (F-A) and nonfoliar respiration (F-R) is important in understanding the physical and environmental controls on these fluxes, and how these fluxes may respond to environmental change. In this paper, we evaluate a partitioning method based on a combination of stable isotopes of CO2 and Bayesian optimization in the context of partitioning methods based on regressions with environmental variables. We combined high-resolution measurements of stable carbon isotopes of CO2, ecosystem fluxes, and meteorological variables with a Bayesian parameter optimization approach to estimate F-A and F-R in a subalpine forest in Colorado, United States, over the course of 104 days during summer 2003. Results were generally in agreement with the independent environmental regression methods of Reichstein et al. (2005a) and Yi et al. ( 2004). Half-hourly posterior parameter estimates of F-A and F-R derived from the Bayesian/isotopic method showed a strong diurnal pattern in both, consistent with established gross photosynthesis (GEE) and total ecosystem respiration (TER) relationships. Isotope-derived F-A was functionally dependent on light, but F-R exhibited the expected temperature dependence only when the prior estimates for F-R were temperature-based. Examination of the posterior correlation matrix revealed that the available data were insufficient to independently resolve all the Bayesian-estimated parameters in our model. This could be due to a small isotopic disequilibrium ( D) between F-A and F-R, poor characterization of whole-canopy photosynthetic discrimination or the isotopic flux (isoflux, analogous to net ecosystem exchange of (CO2)-C-13). The positive sign of D indicates that F-A was more enriched in C-13 than F-R. Possible reasons for this are discussed in the context of recent literature. [References: 92]