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Journal Article

Cavity-Enhanced Long-Distance Coupling of an Atomic Ensemble to a Micromechanical Membrane


Hammerer,  K.
AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Vogell, B., Stannigel, K., Zoller, P., Hammerer, K., Rakher, M. T., Korppi, M., et al. (2013). Cavity-Enhanced Long-Distance Coupling of an Atomic Ensemble to a Micromechanical Membrane. Physical Review A, 87: 023816. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.87.023816.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-EA30-3
We discuss a hybrid quantum system where a dielectric membrane situated inside an optical cavity is coupled to a distant atomic ensemble trapped in an optical lattice. The coupling is mediated by the exchange of sideband photons of the lattice laser, and is enhanced by the cavity finesse as well as the square root of the number of atoms. In addition to observing coherent dynamics between the two systems, one can also switch on a tailored dissipation by laser cooling the atoms, thereby allowing for sympathetic cooling of the membrane. The resulting cooling scheme does not require resolved sideband conditions for the cavity, which relaxes a constraint present in standard optomechanical cavity cooling. We present a quantum mechanical treatment of this modular open system which takes into account the dominant imperfections, and identify optimal operation points for both coherent dynamics and sympathetic cooling. In particular, we find that ground state cooling of a cryogenically pre-cooled membrane is possible for realistic parameters.