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Monitoring Homology Search during DNA Double-Strand Break Repair In Vivo

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Renkawitz,  Jörg
Jentsch, Stefan / Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Lademann,  Claudio A.
Jentsch, Stefan / Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Kalocsay,  Marian
Jentsch, Stefan / Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Jentsch,  Stefan
Jentsch, Stefan / Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Renkawitz, J., Lademann, C. A., Kalocsay, M., & Jentsch, S. (2013). Monitoring Homology Search during DNA Double-Strand Break Repair In Vivo. MOLECULAR CELL, 50(2), 261-272. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2013.02.020.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-B24E-A
Abstract
Homologous recombination (HR) is crucial for genetic exchange and accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks and is pivotal for genome integrity. HR uses homologous sequences for repair, but how homology search, the exploration of the genome for homologous DNA sequences, is conducted in the nucleus remains poorly understood. Here, we use time-resolved chromatin immunoprecipitations of repair proteins to monitor homology search in vivo. We found that homology search proceeds by a probing mechanism, which commences around the break and samples preferentially on the broken chromosome. However, elements thought to instruct chromosome loops mediate homology search shortcuts, and centromeres, which cluster within the nucleus, may facilitate homology search on other chromosomes. Our study thus reveals crucial parameters for homology search in vivo and emphasizes the importance of linear distance, chromosome architecture, and proximity for recombination efficiency.