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Journal Article

Reversed phi revisited


Wehrhahn,  C
Former Department Neurophysiology of Insect Behavior, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Wehrhahn, C. (2006). Reversed phi revisited. Journal of Vision, 6(10), 1018-1025. doi:10.1167/6.10.2.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D035-1
Two briefly flashed lines shown in rapid succession evoke a sensation of motion in human observers. Line separation, temporal offset and contrast polarity are investigated. Line pairs are presented on a gray background and are either both bright or both dark (equal contrast polarity), or one line is bright and the other is dark (opposite contrast polarity). Observers are instructed to indicate the perceived direction of motion. With foveal viewing perceived direction is veridical for line pairs with equal contrast polarity, but is reversed for line pairs with opposite contrast polarity, spatial separations between 0 and 12 min of arc, and temporal offsets between 8 and 33 ms. When separations and/or temporal offsets are further increased perception reverts to veridical. When lines of opposite contrast polarity are presented in the parafovea, reversal of perceived direction is also observed. The psychophysical results correlate well with those of recent intracellular recordi ngs from directionally selective simple cells in the primary visual cortex of anaesthetized cats (Priebe amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Ferster, 2005).