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Method for measuring the magnetic resonance (NMR) by steady state signals (SSFP)

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Abstract
A method of magnetic resonance (NMR) for spatially resolved measurement of the distribution of NMR signals of metabolites (CSI) with low signal intensity, wherein on a spin ensemble, a sequence of radio frequency (RF) pulses is applied which are mutually offset by a time interval of a repetition time TR and magnetic gradient fields are switched of which at least one causes spatial encoding of the excited spins, is characterized in that the repetition time TR between the exciting RF pulses is selected to be at the most in the magnitude transverse relaxation time T2* of the spins to be excited, preferably approximately T2*/10 and that the magnetic gradient fields are selected such that their action integral is completely balanced over a repetition period of a time period TR such that NMR signal production is carried out according to the principle of steady state free precession (SSFP). This new method permits utilization of the advantages of SSFP methods also for spectroscopic recordings, in particular for chemical shift imaging.