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Has a new color area been discovered?

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Zeki, S., McKeefry, D., Bartels, A., & Frackowiak, R. (1998). Has a new color area been discovered? Nature Neuroscience, 1(5), 335. doi:10.1038/1537.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-E7F3-9
Abstract
To the editor – A recent paper in Nature Neuroscience1 claims to show "a previously undifferentiated cortical area that we call V8" in the human fusiform gyrus. This claim has given hopes to some2 that the cortical area responsible for the conscious perception of colors in humans has at last been found. However, the Talairach coordinates for this 'new' area "V8" (ref. 1) are identical to those that we had published for V4 (ref. 3). The authors have therefore not found a new area; instead they have rediscovered and tried to rename area V4. Furthermore, their report1 states, in reference to our paper3, that "a prior study also concluded that this human color-selective region included a representation of upper and lower visual fields". How, then, can they state that colors activate "area V8 but not V4" (ref. 1)? The answer is simple: it hinges on the use of the letter v, enabling one to write of V4 or V4v. To understand how a single letter can lead to such confusion, one has to retrace the history of the subject briefly. In 1995, Sereno and his colleagues, including Roger Tootell, co-author of ref. 1, reported the results of their mapping experiments in human visual cortex4. Many of the areas described had maps similar to ones found earlier in the macaque. Their map of what they supposed to be human V4 was not so straightforward. They distinguished a ventral V4v, located in the fusiform gyrus, from a dorsal V4d, located dorsolaterally, the two separated from each other by a relatively large expanse of cortex. V4v was clearly shown in the diagrams, but not V4d. This separation was unlike the V4 map in the monkey, where the two subdivisions, representing lower and upper visual fields respectively, are continuous with each other5.